India is a nation where numerous major earthquakes have occurred over the past small number of decades. Various regions of the nation have been demolished by this natural catastrophe. Such occurrences have only revealed the nation’s vulnerable building designs and codes. Following such occurrences, the administration has taken stringent measures in the implementation of construction standards for the building of anti-earthquake buildings in the neighborhoods that are inclined to seismic activity.
Facts on making buildings resistant to earthquakes
- For making and designing buildings that are resistant to earthquakes, it’s vital to maintain their lightness and flexibility. This ensures that they can absorb and distribute the strength of their movement while an earthquake is underway.
- It is vital to employ materials that are able to bend while not break. This increases the building’s shock absorbing capacity. Incidentally, TMT bars are characterized by first-rate shock absorbing characteristics.
- For making the homes earthquake-resistant in zones that are earthquake-prone try keeping the partitions and walls light. Making of thin concrete flooring is also helpful. Shear walls having a paneling structure and braces directing a side-to-side power down into the building foundation are also helpful.
- While an earthquake is underway, the load bearing constructions undergo a fragile failure. In contrast, a sturdy and appropriately designed toughened Cement Concrete / RCC construction goes through a ductile failure. Guaranteeing that the damages that the building incurs do not take any life and are within tolerable ranges and at the precise places are what making a building resistant to earthquakes has to do with. Any Building that is resistant to earthquake and is made in keeping with the appropriate building code is either load bearing structure/ RCC structure. A load bearing structure has thick brick walls ranging between 9 inches and 1 foot. The structure could have beams, with the slab usually being fashioned out of concrete toughened with steel / anti-earthquake TMT bars. An RCC structure is fashioned out of steel and concrete.
- A load bearing structures isn’t greatly resistant to earthquake. When the Nepal earthquake occurred in 2015, the load bearing structures were the buildings that were damaged the most. Thus, the securing of the building using TMT bars and following the design codes that are given in India’s National Building Codes is vital.